Domestic violence is a crime that can make the victim feel extremely isolated. As a result, it can feel like there is no one to turn to.
However, there are a host of organisations victims and survivors can turn to for support. When the time is right, you can even seek compensation to support you in the next chapter of your life.
Domestic abuse is defined by the UK government as “any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. The abuse can encompass, but is not limited to psychological, physical, sexual, financial, emotional.”
As such, domestic abuse can be found in many forms, including violence and:
While domestic abuse is often associated with relationships, it can take place in a variety of contexts, including, for example, adolescent to parent violence.
In many cases, victims of domestic violence can be made to doubt whether abuse has actually taken place. Hence, it is important to look at the behaviour of your partner or family member and ask yourself how it makes you feel. If their behaviour leaves you feeling threatened or controlled, that is abuse.
Other common indications that you may be experiencing domestic abuse include:
One of the most difficult elements of determining whether you are experiencing domestic abuse is not knowing whether your partner’s negative behaviour is just an anomaly.
If you are unsure, you can use the domestic violence disclosure scheme to check whether your partner has a violent past. This ‘right to ask’ gives the police the power to disclose information if records show you might be at risk and it is legal, proportionate and necessary to do so.
You can make an application under the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme by visiting a police station, calling 101 or speaking to a police officer on the street.
If you believe there is an immediate risk to you or someone else, you should call 999.
If you suspect that a friend is a victim of domestic abuse or violence, it is important to reach out and let them know something is wrong. However, it is important to recognise that they may not be ready to speak with you about it and they should not feel forced to. Instead, try to make yourself available as and when they want to talk.
If your friend does confide in you, it is important to acknowledge that this is a big step and one that takes a lot of strength. You should also:
If you are in a relationship with a British citizen or someone settled in the UK, you can seek help from UK Visas and Immigration and may be able to apply for settlement as a victim of domestic violence.
The Destitute Domestic Violence concession provides help to victims of domestic abuse who are in a relationship and financially dependent on an abusive partner.
This concession offers three month’s leave outside of immigration rules to abuse victims. That way, you can apply for public funds and have the opportunity to gain temporary immigration status independent of the abuser. At which point, you can consider applying for indefinite leave to remain or return to your home country.
Where someone is the blameless victim of a violent crime, a claim for compensation can be made to the government-run Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA).
While this will not undo the damage done, it can go a long way to helping you take the next step in your life. What is more, you do not need to have proven the abuse in a criminal court of law, meaning you can still claim even if your partner is not convicted or even charged. All you need to do is report the domestic violence to the police.
In order to be eligible to make a claim, one or more of the following needs to apply to your situation:
If you are eligible, as part of your claim you will need to provide evidence to show:
It is important to note that the responsibility to provide enough evidence to substantiate your claim lies with you. While CICA will check some elements, such as whether the abuse was reported and that you cooperated with the police, they will not gather evidence for you.
For that reason, many victims of violence can struggle to put their CICA claim together themselves. Therefore, it is recommended that you speak to a solicitor that can help you with your claim and give you the best chance of success.
Taking steps to move away from an abusive relationship is something that takes a lot of strength. At this time, it is natural to feel uncertain about the future.
If you are not sure where to turn to for the help you need, Nayyars Solicitors can help. Whether it is helping you put together a claim for compensation or supporting you with your next steps, we are on your side and here to help.
If you are a victim of domestic abuse and ready to talk, get in touch with us to find out how we can help.
You can also contact any of the following organisations to get help and advice about domestic abuse:
English National Domestic Violence Helpline
0808 2000 247
Galop (for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people)
0800 999 5428
Men’s Advice Line
0808 801 0327
Rape Crisis (England and Wales)
0808 802 9999
Scotland’s Domestic Abuse and Forced Marriage Helpline
0800 027 1234
Scottish Women’s Aid
0131 226 6606
Wales Domestic Abuse Helpline
0808 80 10 800
Women’s Aid Federation (Northern Ireland)
0800 917 1414